TURKISH COFFEE RECIPE

Turkish Coffee Recipe – Six Step Detailed Instructions

Turkish coffee recipeThis Turkish coffee recipe is a guide covering an acceptable way of making original Turkish style coffee.

The same recipe is the base for other nations’ coffee as well.

Here you will practice a professional Turkish coffee recipe.

I explain the process in depth. I give the instructions in 6 step-guide.

Each step gives you all the necessary information, notes and hints. If you follow my advice in this coffee making trip there is no way to fail.

Some variations of this Turkish coffee recipe you can find elsewhere as well.

Be careful! Most of them are full of mistakes.

(a) They have lack of knowledge on important details.

(b) They give a confusing way of making instructions.

Example: You will notice in these Turkish coffee recipes that they use the word “boil” extensively.

If you let Turkish coffee boil you ruin it. The idea is to heat the content and remove without boiling the content.

The froth is essential in Turkish coffee. Boil it you and  you will lose it for ever.

That’s how you succeed in delivering the best Turkish coffee.

You can distinguish Turkish coffee from other types of coffee by its rich foamy top.

Learning how to make Turkish coffee foam correctly you will need some practice.

Go ahead and explore the details I give you and start practicing.

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How to Make Turkish Coffee at Home – Avoid Boiling

Best Turkish coffee recipeThe Turkish coffee recipe remains the same from the historical times.

Here you will learn how to make the best Turkish coffee at home with all the facts revealed.

Have you ever come across with this type of a Turkish coffee recipe?

  • Bring to a boil, remove from heat and add a teaspoon of coffee per cup
  • Boil coffee.  
  • Remove the cevze from heat immediately after bringing to a first boil, discarding the accumulated foam, and mix well.
  • Boil coffee again.

(Unfortunately, this part comes from illy -famous Italian espresso company.
I think it is the worst recipe for Turkish coffee preparation I ever saw!).

Sadly, the Internet has plenty of those.

If you follow the above Turkish coffee recipe you won’t make an acceptable Turkish coffee.

Turkish style coffee is not just heating a coffee-water mix. It should not BOIL, even one time!

You will probably produce a hot black caffeine beverage.

NOT proper Turkish coffee!

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Best Turkish Coffee Recipe – Necessary Utensils

Needed utensils for Turkish coffeeTurkish coffee making requires some investments. It has some special utensils which are absolutely necessary for the Turkish coffee recipe.

Take your time and familiarize with them and decide which of them are of high priority for you.

Making the coffee is the less expensive part of the Turkish coffee recipe.

Serving could go very expensive. It involves luxury items and lots of special occasion materials.

Essential utensils for Turkish coffee recipe:

(a) Turkish coffee grinder (“Kahve degirmeni”)

Turkish coffee grinderYou might consider it as optional equipment. A lot of people buy ready-ground coffee.

Traditional Turkish coffee asks for fresh grounded coffee for best taste. Nothing compares to freshly ground coffee.

Excellent cups of Turkish coffee are the result of good making technique and freshly roasted beans. Grind them just prior brewing to obtain the strongest aroma and flavor. 

The traditional coffee grinder can produce the correct grind (powder like) for this type of coffee.

Forget about blade grinders. If you already own a burr grinder check if it has a “Turkish coffee” setting. Some of them do have this setting.

In my Turkish mills specialty store you can explore many options to fill your particular needs.

(b) Turkish coffee pot (“cezve”)

Turkish copper coffee potsIt’s a long-handled Turkish coffee maker. Depending on the quantity of coffee you will make you need and the equivalent size of “cezve”.

Foam on Turkish coffee is the number one tasting factor of its success. Finding the right Turkish coffee pot for your needs is a priority task.

The water level should reach up to the middle of the pot. You need the rest of the pot’s room for the coffee to rise correctly.

Turkish households usually have a complete set of 4 or 6. Two different sizes are a MUST to fulfill different orders.

My exquisite “cezve” store has everything that you can think of about Turkish coffee pots; copper, brass, hand-decorated and stainless steel.

(c) Turkish coffee cups (“fincan”)

Turkish coffee recipeThey are demitasse cups which hold 2-2.5 fl. oz. / 60-75 ml. of liquid. The classic Turkish coffee cup comes from the region of Kütahya which produces the best porcelain in Turkey.

The designs on the cups are works of art. Most of them present motifs from the Turkish culture. 

Have in mind two important things:

  1. You don’t need spoons with these cups.
    The reason is simple: After you serve the coffee you don’t add sugar.
  2. You don’t preheat the cups as in many other coffee types.
    The temperature of the coffee is almost at a boiling level.

If you are ready to learn how to make Turkish coffee follow my recipe. It retains all these minor details that make it distinctive.

Turks view the preparation of their coffee as a ritual. Not just a shot of caffeine burst. You should as well!

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STEP #1 – Grind coffee beans OR buy ready ground Turkish coffee

Turkish coffee recipeTraditionally, a Turkish coffee recipe starts by grinding freshly roasted coffee beans. It’s an important step responsible for creating excellent thick foam.

Apparently “any” roasted coffee beans can be used in any Turkish coffee recipe. There are no specific types of “Turkish coffee beans”.

This is the half of the real true fact. The blend of beans that the manufacturers have is their most valuable asset. Don’t expect to reach that tasting level without experimenting. 

Turks are favor of the Arabica beans which give intense flavor.

Coffee beans for Turkish coffee

For this type of coffee you don’t need “high-grade coffee beans” (Kona, Blue Mountain, etc.).

Coffee bean preference is a matter of personal taste. Have in mind this fact.

There are other significant factors (technique, utensils, heat control) that govern the final taste of Turkish coffee.

The Turkish coffee manufacturers use a “secret” blend of coffee beans which includes Arabica and some percentage of Robusta beans. (If you don’t know the difference between Arabica vs. Robusta beans you can check my corresponding article to learn what is necessary).

They keep the roasting process as a valuable “secret” as well. That’s why you get variation of tastes and aromas.

If you buy roasted coffee beans and grind them you will have a Turkish coffee of superior quality.

It is very difficult to find the manufacturers’ “secret” blend. I suggest that you settle to “logical choices”.

  • Buy medium roast coffee beans. The dark roasts give a very heavy taste to the coffee.
  • Do not spend a fortune on rare coffee beans. Most of them  are best suitable for drip or French press coffee.

100% Arabica beans, small bags (8 oz. up to 1 lb.) on a reasonable price are what you really need.

NOT all blends work correctly for this type of coffee. The same rule applies to good espresso coffee as well.

Roasted Turkish coffee beansWhat is the most suitable blend of coffee beans that works well?

The Turkish manufacturers mostly use Brazilian Santos beans. A few of them blend Brazilian beans with Ethiopian Sidamo. Costa Rican Tarrazu is also favorable among the more expensive brands.

I think as you acquire the brewing skills and the suitable needed utensils, beans are mostly a personal preference. 

Below you can check from eBay some REAL bean blends suitable for Turkish coffee. 

Mehmet Efendi coffee beans Turkish coffee beans Turkish coffee beans

Ready pre-graound coffee

Nowadays, many people tend to skip the step of coffee grinding. They prefer to buy ready-made Turkish coffee online / specialty stores with ethnic products.

Mehmet Efendi Turkish coffeeThe national coffee of Turkey is the Kurukahveci Mehmet Efendi brand.

Every respectful Turkish coffee recipe will suggest that. It has the largest ready ground coffee sales worldwide.

Have in mind that a lot of “Turkish coffee” brands that you find in supermarkets are not products of Turkey.

There are many grounds from other nations with Turkish style coffee culture (Greece, Israel, Balkan countries, Arab world etc.). They export them to their expatriates who live in different countries.

They have different taste depths and flavors from the authentic Turkish brands. Finding out about them might be a unique experience for every Turkish coffee lover.

“Domestic” grounds usually try to hide the country of origin section in online sales. They are products of local roasting companies.

All of them target on established Turkish coffee consuming communities. Their main advantage is that they sell at a cheaper price from the imported brands (NOT always true).

STEP #2 – Put all the ingredients in the Turkish coffee pot


INGREDIENTS: (For 1 cup)

  • 1 demitasse cup of drinkable bottle water.

NOTE: Avoid tap water. Its chemicals change the taste of the coffee dramatically.

  • 1.5 heaped teaspoon of Turkish ground coffee.

NOTE:Is there any exact weight of ground coffee“. NO. I saw recipes telling people to use from 5 gr. to 10 gr. per serving. Everything depends on your taste. Increase or decrease the amount as you like it.

The actual ratio that I use is 10:1.

(For 1 demitasse cup -2.5 oz / 75 ml- use 7.5 gr. of Turkish ground coffee).

  • Sugar according to your taste. (1 teaspoon is the most common amount).

For cardamom Turkish coffee recipe

  • 1 pod or a pinch of ground cardamom

NOTE: In some regions of Turkey they use mastic, cinnamon or cloves.

A few things about cardamom:

Cardamom seedsCardamom is an aromatic spice which is very favorable in the Arabic world. Turks use it in a moderate level and in specific regions.

Most of the times, people grind it with the coffee beans. If you notice something floating in you cup don’t worry.

It’s a pod of cardamom which people making the coffee leave it in the cup for extra aroma.

If you prefer a “clean” cup don’t pour the cardamom seed in. Leave it in the coffee pot.

Turkish Coffee Sweetness Guidelines

Ahead of proceeding with the Turkish coffee recipe, you must take sugar orders. You can’t add sugar after serving. The foam at the top and the grounds at the bottom prevent you from taking such action.

Here are four ways that you can order your Turkish coffee in regards to sugar:

  • “Sade”: Plain. Without any sugar.
  • “Az sekerli”: With little sugar. 1/2 teaspoon.
  • “Orta sekerli”: Medium-sweet. 1 teaspoon of sugar.
  • “Sekerli”: Sweet. 2 teaspoons of sugar.

Turkish coffee making vs. Various sweetness preferences

If you are making coffee for a few people there is a possibility of differences in sweetness levels.

The question here is how you handle these cases.

Solutions:

(a) Use different Turkish coffee pots for different amounts of sugar in the coffee.

(b) Try the one-by-one preparation.

NOTE: Not a good idea for 3+ cups. Why?

(i) It’s time consuming.

(ii) They will get cold.

Final conclusion: You need 2+ Turkish coffee pots around the house.

TIP:

Rinse well with hot water the coffee pot you have used for a Turkish coffee with sugar. Traces of sweetness will stay in some areas of the pot.

People who don’t like sugar in their coffee will trace the difference in taste.

Best procedure: ALWAYS make coffees without sugar FIRST.

BREWING INSTRUCTIONS:

1) Put the water into the Turkish coffee pot.

NOTE: Make sure that the water is cold – room temperature.

2) Add Turkish ground coffee, sugar (if any) and cardamom or other spice (if used).

Do not try to stir the ingredients. The water is cold to dissolve them.

STEP #3 – Start the heating and stirring process


3) Turn on a gas device flame on a medium heat.

Put the Turkish coffee pot on it.

NOTE: Avoid electric devices. They are difficult in controlling the heat. Small alcohol burner devices are ideal for Turkish coffee preparation.

4) Let the water warm up. You will see the coffee sinking in a minute. Lower the heat a little bit more.

NOTE: The heating source and the amount of heat you give to the Turkish coffee pot are two crucial points.

5) Stir the ingredients with a teaspoon (best preference is a wooden coffee stirrer). Your target is to get a  homogeneous mixture.

Ensure that no coffee-sugar substances are floating.

Move the spoon out and place it nearby. Do not stir again.

HINT: Low heat + cold water = Longer brewing which extracts more flavors from the ground coffee.

STEP #4 – Control the foam


This is the SOS part.

6) After heating the coffee it will react by creating a ring of foam at the edges of the pot.

Now lower the heat to its minimum level.

You will continue without letting the coffee boil.

Turkish coffee recipeNOTE: You must give full attention to the process at this moment.

The coffee will start rising slowly and very fast as the brewing continuous.

The foam ring will close and will rise upwards.

This is what we call the “first rise” of the Turkish coffee.

HINT: Overflowing of the coffee means mess and coffee without foam (which is = FAILURE).

7) Remove the pot from the heat immediately. Avoid boiling!

Let the foam calm for 15 seconds.

NOTE: Boiling will ruin your foam (disappear it actually).

STEP #5 – Divide foam and coffee into the cups


8) Put 2 teaspoons of the foam into the cup.

NOTE: Your target is to give to every guest an equal and decent amount of foam.

This is an important detail to have in mind. Mainly if you are brewing Turkish coffee for lots of people in one pot.

9) Now you are ready to finish the coffee.

Turkish coffee recipeReturn the pot to the heating source.

Let it heat again and go for the “second rise” always having in mind NOT to boil it.

Let the remaining foam calm.

NOTE: Most of the Turkish coffee recipes in the Internet call for a “third rise“. If you are not expert enough avoid it. It will make your foam very thin.

10) Pour the coffee slowly into the cup trying to create as much foam as possible at the top.

NOTE: If you make 2+ cups pour the coffee among them in rounds of small quantities.

11) Wait for approximately 30 seconds. The grounds will settle at the bottom of the cup. Start enjoying your coffee!

NOTE: The coffee grounds are undrinkable.

You can use them (among other things) for… fortune telling!

Turkish coffee reading

Watch this video to learn from an expert Turkish origin woman the traditional Turkish coffee making.


STEP #6 – The serving ritual of Turkish coffee


Turkish coffee serving setFirst of all the cup must be without any spills either on the lips or on its sides.

There is a custom to serve it on a tray with a glass of cold water for every guest. (It cleans the palate for a better taste).

NOTE: Turkish households have specialty designed sets. Some of them are works of art actually and are expensive. Turks use them for special occasions.

HINT: Having some kind of a serving set is suggestible for a better presentation.

Turkish coffee is traditionally accompanied by a piece of Turkish delight. It’s a small piece of soft sugar dusted candy with gummy texture. Its purpose is to leave out the bitterness of the coffee.

It became very famous after its usage in the movie The Chronicles of Narnia (2005).

The Turkish coffee recipe is now complete. It has everything you need to know about the oldest coffee in the world and how you can make it.

Afiyet Olsun
(Bon Appétit!)

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